Suspenseful discovery of a garden-like landscape site in the Tang Dynasty in downtown Chengdu

The garden in Chengdu was extremely popular

The Sui and Tang dynasties and the Five Dynasties were an important stage in the development of ancient Chinese garden architecture. Many noble officials and nobles were wearing their own pools and piled trees. The gardens in this period can be roughly divided into three types: royal gardens, temple gardens and private gardens. The number of gardens in the country is prosperous, and the exact number is difficult to be accurately counted. Among them, Jiannan Road with Chengdu as the center is also an important distribution area. One, such as the famous Yanhuaxi Caotang, Lu Zhaoling Villa and so on.

Recently, Uncle Feng, who lives near Tongjin Road, has heard that nearby construction sites have dug out a large pile of jars and jars. A piece of tile is always the remains of the Tang dynasty. It can be imagined that there should be a great deal of success here. The Chengdu Business Daily reporter learned recently that the Chengdu Archaeological Team spent nearly 4 months completing the archaeological excavation of the ancient ruins of Tongjin Road. The area of ​​about 2,500 square meters was excavated, and many cultural relics from the Han Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty were unearthed. The most valuable is the ditches and ponds inside. Archaeological experts initially determined that the main body of the site may be a man-made landscape building complex built in the Tang Dynasty. Since the site is near to the famous temple of the Ten Thousand Buddhas in history, it is likely to be a temple garden. This has important academic value for studying the history of garden architecture and urban development in Chengdu during the Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties.

Ditch is a garden artificial water scene was first built in Tang Dynasty

Yesterday, the reporter of Chengdu Commercial Daily learned at the scene that the site is located at No. 3 Tongjin Road, Jinniu District, Chengdu, buried 2 meters underground. It was originally a member of the China Railway Second Committee family’s home, and was at the excavation site. It was a circular artificial pond in the excavation area. The existing part is a brick-built water pool with a nearly circular surface, 19 meters in diameter and 1.7 meters deep. There is also a well in the same period.

The upper left side of the pond is connected with a ditch, similar to a bow, and the ditch is filled with grey bricks. The total length of the ditch is about 90 meters. The winding is meandering. The widest point is nearly 6 meters. The narrowest point is less than 1 meter and the depth is 1.6. Meter. Bricks are mainly made of bricks of Tang Dynasty, and there are mixed pattern bricks in the South and North. Excavation from the scene speculates that the west side is the inflow direction of the water. After the bifurcation, one branch turns south in a “mountain” shape and the other branch flows northeast. In the trenches, a large number of porcelains for use in the Tang and the Five Dynasties, as well as tile, tile, brick and other building components were unearthed. It is speculated that they were built around the Tang Dynasty, and were abandoned and backfilled from the end of the Five Dynasties to the beginning of the Northern Song Dynasty.

Ditch can be known from the shape of artificial garden landscape. “The ditch connects Jiuli embankment, mainly from where the water is taken.” According to the person in charge of the archaeological site, the water in the pond was taken from the Jiuli embankment. Since the Three Kingdoms period, the Jiuli embankment was an important water conservancy project, guaranteeing Chengdu’s City water.

In addition to three canals and a pond, archaeologists also excavated a large number of pottery utensils for daily use and a small amount of Buddhist statues and architectural elements related to Buddhism. It can be initially determined that this was a garden building built during the Tang Dynasty.

Experts: Tongjin Road Ancient Site or Ten Thousand Buddhas Temple Garden

Note pots, four-eared cans, bowls, etc. The excavation of some of the more complete artifacts from the point of view, the production is relatively rough. “The cultural relics unearthed here are not very high in terms of specifications. They are mainly local Qingyanggong Kiln, Liulichang Kiln, and Junyao products. There are also a small number of celadon wares and three-glazed pottery kiln mouthpieces in the field. According to the archaeological site person in charge, these Appliances should be used by the deaf.

It is understood that the gardens of the Tang Dynasty can be roughly divided into three types: imperial gardens, monasteries, and private gardens. Archaeologists tend to believe that the ancient site of Tongjinlu is a temple garden. One reason is that it is adjacent to history. The famous ruins of the Ten Thousand Buddhas Temple.

The staff of the Chengdu Archaeological Team found that there was an irregular step in the outer wall of the northeast section of the brick trench in the Tang Dynasty, and a large number of stone statues unearthed from the Temple of the Ten Thousand Buddhas happened to be on the northeast side of the site. “The stone carvings are too heavy and the abandoned sites will not be too far away from the original temples.” According to the staff of the site’s archaeological team, it can be inferred that the construction of the garden landscape is related to the Tang Dynasty’s Jing Zhong Temple. The Jing Zhong Temple is the Ten Thousand Buddhas Monastery. Once used the name.

By the Ming Dynasty, it had become a tomb area. Among the Ming Dynasty remains found by archeologists, the majority of land tickets were bought. These commemorative coupons on Qingshi are related to the Taoist culture. They originated in the Western Han Dynasty and flourished in the Eastern Han Dynasty. Initially, they were only used as proof of the deceased’s possession of the land of the underworld, often accompanied by Taoist fuzis, written or written in vouchers. Hardened items such as bricks, iron, lead plates, slate, etc., can be easily stored in tombs. This also confirms this area of ​​Tongjin Road, which was a deserted suburb in the Ming Dynasty.

Great value for studying gardens in Chengdu

During the reign of Qing Emperor Guangxu, he was appointed by Sichuan Chengmian Longmao Bingbei Road and the Sichuan Inspection Division's Wang Liansheng in the “Tai Yuan Ge Notes”. The unearthed statues of the Buddha were “Greater Houses, Lesser Ones... According to an existing inscription in the Southern Dynasty Liangzhong Datong of the Sichuan Provincial Museum in the past five years, the meritorious master of the book is the Xiangyang Wang Shizi Xiao Fan (any Yizhou provincial governor) who enshrined the Temple of the Temple of Ampules (the Ten Thousand Buddhas once used the name).

From this, it can be seen that since the reign of Emperor Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty, a large number of stone Buddhist statues from the Southern Dynasties to the Tang and Song Dynasties have been unearthed in the sites of the Ten Thousand Buddhas. In addition, the Sichuan Provincial Museum also contains a number of exquisitely carved stone statues of the Tang Dynasty. This suggests that at least during the Tang Dynasty, the Ten Thousand Buddhas Temple should have strong incense and strong strength. It is also worth mentioning to build a garden.

Studies have shown that the Sui and Tang dynasties and the Five Dynasties were an important stage of development in ancient Chinese garden architecture. Many Daguan nobles wore pools of mountains and flowers in their homes or villas. The gardens of this period can be roughly divided into three types: imperial gardens, monasteries, and private gardens. The number of gardens in the country is prosperous, and it is difficult to accurately count the specific numbers. Among them, Jiannan Road with Chengdu as the center is also important. One of the distribution areas, such as the famous Yanhuaxi Caotang, Xuqing Caotang, Lu Zhaoling Villa and so on. The discovery of the ancient site of Tongjin Road has important academic value for studying the history of garden architecture and urban development in Chengdu during the Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties.

In the past, Ten Thousand Buddhas once had a strong incense

According to historical records, the Ten Thousand Buddhas Temple was called “Anpu Temple” during the Southern and Northern Dynasties, and “Zhongzhong Temple” in the Tang Dynasty. It was later destroyed and was restored during the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty. The Song Dynasty was renamed as “Pure Temple”. During the Long Xing period in the Southern Song Dynasty, Xiaozong was once For the sake of the local government of the Song Dynasty, which is in charge of the circulation of coins, the Ming Dynasty also had multiple names such as "Net Temple", "Zhulin Temple", "The Ten Thousand Buddhas Temple", and "Wanfu Temple". It was destroyed by the war in the late Ming and early Qing Dynasty. . Garden landscapes have also been ups and downs with the rise and fall of temples. They were abandoned and backfilled in the Five Dynasties and the early Northern Song Dynasty. The Ten Thousand Buddhas Temple once had a strong incense and its strength was quite strong. It was not difficult to build a garden.

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