Recently, the ten departments such as the National Development and Reform Commission issued a circular on â€œRelevant Current Spring Fertilizer Fertilizer Supply Workâ€ and reiterated that in order to strictly control the peak fertilizer season for spring plowing, it is necessary to continue to implement the already announced 2009 tariff plan. With the rapid development of China's chemical fertilizer industry, China's fertilizer output has not only been able to meet the needs of domestic industrial and agricultural production, but also occupies a certain position in international trade. Therefore, there are two different views on the current national export policy.
Fertilizer is an important agricultural product. The main purpose of China's development of chemical fertilizer industry is to meet the needs of the domestic market and ensure China's food security. Fertilizer is a resource-based and energy-based conversion product. It consumes a lot of energy and resources in production. China, as a country with relative lack of resources and energy, is not suitable to use such products as the leading product for export. On these two points, we maintain a high degree of consistency between the two viewpoints that advocate strict control and liberalization of fertilizer exports.
According to the relevant policies of the National Development and Reform Commission, when interpreting China's chemical fertilizer export policies, chemical fertilizers are coal and natural gas energy products. Considerable export will be considered in the case of large production capacity. This mainly concerns the difficulties of enterprises and maintains a balance. It is in special difficult times. However, as a whole, the government does not encourage exports. Some time ago, the farmers thought that the price of fertilizers was high, and the enterprises demanded that they be allowed to open their exports in order to ease the operational difficulties. As a government department, it will listen to the voices of various parties and consider different stakeholders. However, in policy control, the government will focus on the interests of farmers and ensure agricultural development. Therefore, the government will only consider relaxing the control of exports if it ensures domestic demand. When talking about the time when China's export tariffs can be relaxed, the relevant person said: The current priority is to ensure that the spring plowing is carried out smoothly and that fertilizer prices remain stable. Some people criticized that the government's control policy is always temporary, and there is no long-term plan. Even such a comment: Chinaâ€™s fertilizer export policy causes fertilizers to stay away when prices are high, and they can't get out when prices are low. He believes that the criticism of the current chemical fertilizer export policy is somewhat reasonable, but it is too one-sided. If the competent authorities simply stand on the perspective of the enterprise, the fertilizer can be exported at any time and the export tariff of fertilizers will not increase, which will certainly result in a large amount of fertilizer exports, which will inevitably drive up the price of fertilizer in the domestic market and make it difficult for farmers to accept. From the point of view of domestic agricultural production, the policy for the formulation of tariffs is reasonable. At present, the goal of fertilizer control is to allow farmers to buy fertilizer and the amount of chemical fertilizer is sufficient. Basically, the government regulates fertilizer exports according to such standards.
The industry believes that the current state in the formulation of export tariff policy mainly consider the following points: First, whether the current domestic fertilizer will affect the supply of domestic fertilizer market; Second, whether the domestic chemical fertilizer raw materials can ensure the sustainability of the domestic fertilizer industry Development; Third, certain raw material prices that are excessively dependent on imports will cause large fluctuations due to fertilizer exports.
The view of liberalizing the export of chemical fertilizers, especially in the fertilizer industry, believes: First, in recent years, with the development of China's chemical fertilizer industry, China's fertilizer output has been able to meet the needs of the domestic market and presents a situation where supply exceeds demand. At present, China has become a large producer of nitrogen fertilizers. The output of synthetic ammonia and nitrogen fertilizers has accounted for more than 30% of the world's production. Since 2007, China has become a net exporter of phosphate fertilizers, and its production capacity and output have also far exceeded the demand. The variety is sufficient to meet domestic demand. As for the current situation of the price increase of chemical fertilizers in certain periods and in some areas, it is mainly due to the unreasonable storage and insufficient transportation, especially railway transportation. 2. Fertilizer, as a product of annual production and seasonal use, must balance the needs of the busy season. The annual production of chemical fertilizer must maintain a certain amount of margin. Otherwise, it will not be possible to concentrate fertilizers or meet various natural disasters during peak seasons. Ensure the need for agricultural production. Therefore, after the peak season, the excess amount will have to be adjusted through the international market to ensure the long-term stable production of the company. Third, with the development of global economic integration, Chinese fertilizer companies need to go abroad to participate in international market competition. Understand the international market conditions, strengthen exchanges and communication with international counterparts, understand the gap between China's chemical fertilizer industry and the advanced level of international fertilizers, in order to improve the level and competitiveness of China's fertilizer industry, as soon as possible from a big fertilizer country into a fertiliser production powerhouse. At present, China's chemical fertilizer industry, especially some large-scale enterprises, have developed on the basis of a high starting point and some innovations. They are qualified to play the roles of exporters of advanced technology, equipment, management, and products in the global chemical fertilizer industry and participate in the international fertilizer market. competition. Fourth, the unbalanced supply and demand in the world fertiliser region has created historical opportunities for China's fertilizer exports, but it also faces competition and challenges from latecomers. Countries such as the Middle East and Africa, Eastern Europe and South America are building large-scale fertilizer installations, and their products will have a huge impact on Chinaâ€™s traditional international market. V. Based on the current development of China's phosphate mining technology and the continuous discovery of new resources, it can be considered that China's phosphorus resources can ensure the sustainable development of the phosphate fertilizer industry; through the continuous increase of domestic sulfur production and the development of nitrate phosphate fertilizer, China's excessive phosphate production Rely on the status quo of international sulfur will be changed. 6. The price of the international fertilizer market is generally higher than the price of the domestic market. In the domestic market, where supply exceeds demand, choosing export is an effective way to ensure that domestic fertilizer companies can obtain better benefits. According to industry sources, in the situation where domestic companies had a large amount of high-priced product inventory last year, the government was unwilling to strictly control the export of phosphate fertilizers, leaving domestic companies to lose the opportunity to digest high-priced products in the international market, which caused the company to suffer near collapse losses. A lesson should be given enough attention.
Therefore, people in the industry believe that the current goal of China's fertilizer industry should be: on the premise of ensuring national food security, while ensuring the stability of resource development, economic development, and employment expansion. Therefore, the fertilizer companies put forward the following assumptions: Fertilizer companies can promise that the domestic demand for chemical fertilizers can be borne by backbone manufacturers through state acquisitions or light storage; exports of chemical fertilizers do not enjoy all preferential policies of the country and are completely market-based so as to guarantee the trade of enterprises. Liberalization will promote the healthy development of China's fertilizer industry.